Asimilasi Dan Disimilasi Dalam Bahasa Arab

Mohd. Zaki Abd. Rahman

Abstract



Asimilasi dan disimilasi ialah dua fenomena bahasa yang berlaku disebabkan penyelarasan dalam sebutan huruf bagi meringankan serta melancarkan proses pertuturan. Kedua–duanya melibatkan aspek fonologi. Asimilasi berkait rapat dengan hukum idgham dalam pembacaan al–Qur’an al–Karim. Oleh itu kebanyakan contoh mengenainya terdapat dalam al–Qur’an al–Karim. Nisbah kewujudan asimilasi jauh lebih besar berbanding disimilasi. Oleh sebab nisbah disimilasi yang begitu kecil, ia boleh dianggap sebagai kes terpencil dalam bahasa Arab.

Kata kunci: Asimilasi, disimilasi, makhraj, sifat huruf, pola kata

Assimilation and dissimilation are two language phenomenon which occur in the process of articulation. It is explicitly seen when a speaker tries to moderate pronunciation of letters in an effort to speak smoothly and fluently. Both assimilation and dissimilation involve phonetics and phonology. Assimilation in Arabic language is very closely related to the ‘idgham’ rules, which are used in reciting the al–Qur’an al–Karim. As such, most examples of assimilation are found in the Holy al–Qur’an al–Karim. It is also noted that the ratio of occurrence of assimilation is very much higher compared to dissimilation. Hence, dissimilation could be considered as negligible in Arabic language.

Key words: Assimilation, dissimilation, point of articulation, attribute, metre

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11113/jt.v46.310

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