Abdu Muhammad Bello, Abdul Rahim Yacob, Kamaluddeen Suleiman Kabo


Mesoporous γ-Al2O3 with large surface area and narrow pore size was synthesized from acid-leachates of calcined kaolin in the presence of polyethylene glycol 6000 (PEG-6000) surfactant at room temperature. The synthesized alumina was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Nitrogen adsorption-desorption, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) with energy-dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), and thermogravimetric-Derivative thermal analysis (TG-DTA). High-purity mesoporous γ-Al2O3 with large surface area of 365.1 m2/g, narrow pore size distribution centred at 5.3 nm and pore volume of 0.46 cm3/g was obtained at 500 oC. When the calcination temperature has increased to 700 oC, the surface area decreased to 272.9 m2/g. Crystallite size calculated using Scherer’s equation revealed the average size of 4.33 and 4.12 nm for alumina calcined at 500 and 700 oC, respectively. The excellent pore structural properties (high surface area and large pore volume) of the synthesized mesoporous γ-alumina in the present study will allow for higher loading of active catalytic phases, as such it can be used as catalyst support.  


Alumina, Kano, kaolin, mesoporous, purity

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11113/jt.v79.4859


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