M. Amran, M. Faizal, M. Shahir, R. Izamshah, Sivaraos Sivaraos


A two-plate plastic injection mould having a new method of embedded slanted glass at mould cavity side is designed where it can be used to visualize the flow of molten plastic material moving inside the mould cavity. Due to observation of molten plastic materials cannot be done in actual mould made from metal, therefore slanted glass mould is developed. This project shows the design process of slanted glass mould from initial plastic product design until mould tooling design. The plastic product and the slanted glass mould were designed using SolidWorks software. In designing and producing the injection molded plastic product, various factors are needed to be considering such as corner radius, draft angle and the product wall thickness  Two different geometrical shapes of plastic products  have been designed that were the flat and ring plastic product. Meanwhile for mould tooling design, the method to capture the flow pattern of molten plastic materials is the most considering factor in this project. Others considering factors included are location of feeding system, tolerance fitting and water cooling system. Thus, this project helps mould designer the important of design process should be considered during plastic design and tooling design especially for slanted glass injection mould.


Plastic product; injection moulding; slanted glass mould; flow visualization

Full Text:



Ahmadzai, A., Behrave, A.H., Sarabi, M.T. and Shahi, P. 2014. Visualization of Foaming Phenomena in Thermoplastic Injection Molding Process. Journal of Cellular Plastics. 50(3): 279-300.

Amran, M. A., Hadzley, M., Amri, S., Izamshah, R., Hassan, A., Samsi, S. and Shahir, K. 2010. Optimization of Gate, Runner And Sprue in Two‐Plate Family Plastic Injection Mould. AIP Conference Proceedings. 1217: 309-313.

Bress, T. J. and Dowling, D. R. 1998. Visualization of Injection Molding. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 17(15): 1374 -1381.

Bociga, E. and Jaruga, T. 2007. Experimental Investigation of Polymer Flow in Injection Mould. Archives of Materials Science. 28(3): 165-172.

Kanetoh, Y. and Yokoi, H. 2012. Visualization Analysis of Resin Behavior Around a Flow Front Using a Rotary Runner Exchange System. International Polymer Processing. 3(3): 310-317.

Amran, M., Salmah, S., Zaki, M., Izamshah, R., Hadzley, M., Sivarao, Shahir, M. and Amri, M. 2014. The Effect Of Pressure On Warpage of Dumbbell Plastic Part in Injection Moulding Machine. Advanced Materials Research. 903: 61-66.

Jou, Y. T., Lin, W. T, Lee, W.C. and Yeh, T. M. 2014. Integrating The Taguchi Method And Response Surface Methodology for Process Parameter Optimization of The Injection Molding, Applied Mathematics & Information Sciences. 8(3): 1277-1285.

Amran, M., Salmah, S., Faiz, A., Izamshah, R., Hadzley, M., Manshoor, B., Shahir, M. and Amri, M. 2014. Effect of Injection Moulding Machine Parameters on The Warpage by Applying Taguchi Method. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 699: 20-25.

Amran, M., Izamshah, R., Hadzley, M., Shahir, M., Amri, M., Sanusi, M. and Hilmi, H. 2015. The effect of binder on mechanical properties of kenaf fibre/polypropylene composites using full factorial method, Applied Mechanics and Materials. 695: 709-12

Rosfadzlin H. Z. A., Taufik, Sivaraos, S., Ghazali, M., Rosidah, J. and Amran, M. A. M. 2010. Design Simulation on Fatigue Life of Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 761: 47-51.

John P. B. 2007. Runner and Gating Design Handbook. Hanser Gardner Publication

Nagel, R., Sherman R., and Beaumont J. P. 2003. Successful Injection Molding – Process, Design, and Simulation. Hanser Gardner Publication

Douglas M. B. 1998. Plastic Injection Molding. Society of Manufacturing Engineers

Amran, M., Izamshah, R., and Amri, M. 2007. Study The Machining Process on Acrylic Material of Mould Base in Plastic Injection Mould. Proceeding of International Conference on Engineering Technology (ICET2007).

Menges, G. Mohren, P. 1993. How To Make Injection Moulds. 2nd Edition, Hanser Gardner Publication

Potsch, G. Michaeli, W. 1995. Injection Molding: An Introduction. Carl Hanser Verlag



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright © 2012 Penerbit UTM Press, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
Disclaimer : This website has been updated to the best of our knowledge to be accurate. However, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this web site.
Best viewed: Mozilla Firefox 4.0 & Google Chrome at 1024 × 768 resolution.