PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION EVALUATION OF CASTOR BLENDS BIODIESEL IN SINGLE CYLINDER DIESEL ENGINE DYNAMOMETER

Mohd Zaini Jamaludin, Safarudin Gazali Herawan, Yusmady Mohamed Arifin

Abstract


This study presents a preliminary investigation of engine is running on petro-diesel in order to determine the engine’s operating characteristics and exhaust emission levels, constituting the base line that is compared with corresponding cases when using second generation biodiesel that used castor biodiesel consists of 5%, 10% and 20% blends. The engine coupled to hydraulic dynamometer through belting connection for load measurement. The same method will be repeated for each fuel blend by keeping the same operating condition. The present studies contribute as an alternative fuel by using biodiesel fuels from non-edible for diesel engines with standard engine parts.


Keywords


Biodiesel; castor oil; engine dynamometer; emissionsBiodiesel; castor oil; engine dynamometer; emissionsBiodiesel; castor oil; engine dynamometer; emissionsBiodiesel; castor oil; engine dynamometer; emissionsBiodiesel; castor oil; engine dynamometer; emis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arisel Corro, N. T., Edgar Ayala, Alma Marinez-ayala. 2010. Two-step biodiesel production from Jatropha curcas crude oil using SiO2.HF solid catalyst for FFA esterification step. Fuel. 89: 2815-2821.

Liaquat, A. M., Masjuki, H. H., Kalam, M. A., Fattah, I. M. R., Hazrat, M. A., Varman, M., Mofijur, M. & Shahabuddin, M. 2013. Effect of Coconut Biodiesel Blended Fuels on Engine Performance and Emission Characteristics. Procedia Engineering. 56: 583-590.

Demirbas, A. 2009. Progress and recent trends in biodiesel fuels. Energy Conversion and Management. 50: 14-34.

Chauhan, B. S., Kumar, N., Cho, H. M. & Lim, H. C. 2013. A study on the performance and emission of a diesel engine fueled with Karanja biodiesel and its blends. Energy. 56: 1-7.

Campos-Fernandez, J., Arnal, J. M., Gomez, J., Lacalle, N. & Dorado, M. P. 2013. Performance tests of a diesel engine fueled with pentanol/diesel fuel blends. Fuel. 107: 866-872.

A. E. Pillay, S. C. F., M. Elkadi, S. Stephen, J. Manuel, M. Z. Khan & S. Unnithan. 2012. Engine Emissions and Performances with Alternative Biodiesels: A Review. Journal of Sustainable Development. 5: 59-73.

Silitonga, A. S., Masjuki, H. H., Mahlia, T. M. I., Ong, H. C. & Chong, W. T. 2013. Experimental study on performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine fuelled with Ceiba pentandra biodiesel blends. Energy Conversion and Management. 76: 828-836.

Virender Singh, S. S., Shibayan Ghosh, Ankit Agrawal 2013. Study of Performance Characteristics of Diesel Engine Fuelled with Diesel, Yellow Grease Biodiesel and its Blends. International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Technology. 2: 524-527.

Kousoulidou, M., Fontaras, G., Ntziachristos, L. & Samaras, Z. 2010. Biodiesel blend effects on common-rail diesel combustion and emissions. Fuel. 89: 3442-3449.

Radha, K. K., Kumari, A. A., Sarada, S. N., Nagesh, E. L. & Rajagopal, K. 2008. Alternative Fuels for a Single Cylinder Direct Injection Diesel Engine. Emerging Trends in Engineering and Technology, 2008. ICETET '08. First International Conference on, 16-18 July 2008. 1083-1088.

Buyukkaya, E. 2010. Effects of biodiesel on a DI diesel engine performance, emission and combustion characteristics. Fuel. 89: 3099-3105.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11113/jt.v77.6613

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright © 2012 Penerbit UTM Press, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
Disclaimer : This website has been updated to the best of our knowledge to be accurate. However, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this web site.
Best viewed: Mozilla Firefox 4.0 & Google Chrome at 1024 × 768 resolution.