EFFECT OF PINEAPPLE LEAF FIBER LOADING ON THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF PINEAPPLE LEAF FIBER – POLYPROPYLENE COMPOSITE

Ayu Natasya Kasim, Mohd Zulkefli Selamat, Nabila Aznan, Siti Norbaya Sahadan, Mohd Ahadlin Mohd Daud, Ridhwan Jumaidin, Suhaila Salleh

Abstract


Natural fibers have become an important issue in the development of fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composite to resolve the current ecological and environmental problems. Among the many types of natural fibers that are available, pineapple leaf fiber (PLF) was selected as the natural fiber used in this study due to comparatively better mechanical properties, ease of availability and low cost. In this work, the effects of pineapple leaf fiber (PLF) loading on the properties of PLF/polypropylene (PP) composites was studied. The sample of composites was fabricated with five different fiber loading of PLF (30, 40, 50, 60 and 70 wt.%). An alkaline treatment was conducted to enhance the PLF properties. The fabrication was made by compression molding technique with random orientation of PLF. From the experimental study, the results revealed that the voids percentage and interfacial bonding between the PLF and PP affected the mechanical properties of the PLF/PP composite. Based on the results of tensile stress, hardness and density, it can be concluded that the PLF/PP composite with the composition ratio of 30/70 wt.% has shown the best mechanical properties compared to other composition ratios (40/60, 50/50, 60/40 and 70/30 wt.%), which are 16.71 MPa, 62.83 Shore-D and 0.93 g/cm³ respectively.


Keywords


Pineapple leaf fiber (PLF); polypropylene (PP); fiber reinforced polymer (FRP)

Full Text:

PDF

References


Dhal, J. P. & Mishra, S. C. 2013. Processing and Properties of Natural Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composite. Journal of Materials. 1-6.

Selamat, M. Z., Kasim, A. N., Shamsudin, S. A., Mohd Daud, M. A. & Dhar, S. 2014. Effect Of Bamboo Fibre Length On The Mechanical Properties Of Bamboo Fibre/Polypropylene Composite. 8th MUCET. Melaka, Malaysia.

Chandramohan, D. & Marimuthu. K. 2011. Tensile and Hardness Tests on Natural Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite Material. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Sciences and Technologies. 6: 097-104.

Phong, N. T., Fujii, T., Chuong, B. & Okubo, K. 2012. Study on How to Effectively Extract BFs from Raw Bamboo and Waste water Treatment. Materials Science Research. 1: 144-155.

Vinod, B. & Sudev, L. J. 2013. Effect of Fiber Orientation on the Flexural Properties of PLAF Reinforced Bisphenol composites. International Journal of Science and Engineering Applications. 2: ISSN-2319-7560.

Abdul Khalil, H. P. S., Bhat, I.U.H., Jawaid, M., Zaidon, D.Hermawan, A., Hadi. Y.S. 2012. Bamboo Fiber Reinforced Biocomposites: A review. Materials and Design. 42: 353-368.

Raghavendra, G., Acharya, S. K., Deo, P., & Mishra, P. 2012. Fabrication-modelling and analysis on tribological performance of natural composites using taguchi approach. Procedia Engineering, International Conference on Modelling Optimization and Computing. 38: 2635-2644

Jeyanthi, S. & Janci Rani, J. 2012. Influence of natural long fiber in mechanical, thermal and recycling properties of thermoplastic composites in automotive components. International Journal of Physical Sciences. 7: 5765-5771.

Kongkeaw, P., Nhuapeng, W. & Thamajaree, W. 2011. The Effect of Fiber Length on Tensile Properties of Epoxy Resin Composites Reinforced by the Fibers of Bamboo. 2001: 46-48.

Mohamed, A. R., Sapuan, S. M., Shahjahan, M. & Khalina, A. 2009. Characterization of pineapple leaf fibers from selected Malaysian cultivars. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment. 7: 235- 240.

Shyamraj, R., Sivasubramanian, P. & Dhanusha, P. B. 2013. Investigations on Mechanical Properties of Pineapple Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite Material. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research. 4: 4-8.

Arib, R. M. N., Sapuan, S. M., Ahmad, M. M. H. M., Paridah, M. T. & Khairul Zaman, H. M. D. 2004. Mechanical properties of pineapple leaf fiber reinforced polypropylene composite. Materials and Design. 27: 391-396.

Fairuz, I. R., Ahmad Nizam, A., Azmin Shakrine, M. R., Dayang Laila, A. A. M. 2012. Factorial study on the tensile strength of a coir fiber-reinforced epoxy composite. AASRI Procedia. 3: 242-247

Mwaikabo, L. & Ansell, M. 2002. Chemical modification of hemp, sisal, jute and kapok fibers by alkalization. J. App. Polym. Sci. 84: 2222-2234

Hussain, S. A., Pandurangadu, V. & Palanikuamr, k. mechanical properties of green coconut fiber reinforced HDPE polymer composite. International Journal Of Engineering Sciece And Technology. 3: 7942-7952

Zakaria, S., Hamzah, H., Murshidi, J. A., Deraman, M. 2001. Chemical modification on lingo cellulosic polymeric oil palm empty fruit bunch for advanced material. Advance in Polymer Tech. 20(4): 289-295

Sain, M. M., Kokta, B. V. 1994. Polyolefine-wood filler composite. I. performance of m-phenylene bismaleimide-modified wood fiber in polypropylene composite. J. App. Polym. Sci. 54: 1545-1559

Yang, H. S., Kim, H. J., Lee, B. J., Hwang, T. S. 2007. Effect of compatibilizing agent on rice husk flour reinforced polypropylene composites. Compos. Struct. 77: 45-55

Siregar, J. P., Sapuan, S. M., Rahman, M. Z. A. & Zaman, H. M. D. K. 2012. Effects of alkaline treatments on the tensile properties of pineapple leaf fiber reinforced high impact polystyrene composites. Pertanika Journal Science & Technology. 20: 409-414.

Mohamed, A. R., Sapuan, S. M. & Khalina, A. 2010. Selected properties of hand-laid and compression molded vinyl ester and pineapple leaf fiber (PALF) - reinforced vinyl ester composites. International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering IJMME. 5: 68-73.

Threepopnatkul, P., Kaerkitcha, N. & Athipongarporn, N. 2009. Effect of surface treatment on performance of pineapple leaf fiber-polycarbonate composites. Elsivier Journal, composite part B: Engineerin. 40: 628-632.

George, J., Bhagawan, S. S., Prabhakaran, N. S. & Thomas, S. 1995. Short pineapple-leaf-fiber-reinforced low-density polyethylene composites. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 57: 843-854.

Kongkeaw, P., Nhuapeng, W. & Thamajaree, W. 2011. The Effect of Fiber Length on Tensile Properties of Epoxy Resin Composites Reinforced by the Fibers of Bamboo. 2001: 46-48.

Luo, S. & Netravali, N. 1999. Mechanical and thermal properties of environment-friendly ‘‘green’’ composites made from pineapple leaf fibres and poly (hydroxybutyrate-co-valerate) resin. Polym Compos. 20: 367–78.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11113/jt.v77.6617

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright © 2012 Penerbit UTM Press, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
Disclaimer : This website has been updated to the best of our knowledge to be accurate. However, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this web site.
Best viewed: Mozilla Firefox 4.0 & Google Chrome at 1024 × 768 resolution.